By Adam Clemons
In early July of 1873, a soldier named John Taylor reported to the hospital at Fort Stockton, Texas complaining of illness. The fort’s doctor, Peter J.A. Cleary, refused to treat him. Instead, he sent Taylor to the guard house as punishment. Three days later John Taylor was dead. Taylor’s fellow soldiers, incensed by what they believed to be racially motivated medical neglect by Cleary, drafted a statement detailing the patterns of abusive treatment of Taylor and calling for a formal investigation into his death. The officers at Fort Stockton responded by placing twenty-one of the soldiers who signed the letter, mostly non-commissioned officers, on trial for attempted mutiny. Though the charge was ultimately downgraded to a failure to follow proper procedure, twenty out of the twenty-one charged soldiers were dishonorably discharged and sent to prison in Huntsville, Texas.
In “Sympathy for the Loss of a Comrade: Black Citizenship and the 1873 Fort Stockton ‘Mutiny’,” Nick Eskow successfully reconstructed the events at Fort Stockton using library resources such as period publications, government documents, newspapers, and archival collections. Where others have relied on the accounts of the white officers to tell this story, Eskow sought out the perspective of the black soldiers through extensive research and analysis of the historical record. Eskow’s exceptional effort earned him the prestigious 2018 Charlene Conrad Liebau Library Prize for Undergraduate Research, an annual prize awarded to students who have done high-level, course-based research while demonstrating significant use of the Library’s resources.
Eskow’s research is also the subject of the rotating Library Prize Exhibit, located on the second floor of Doe Library between Heyns Reading Room and Reference Hall. Drawing on collections held at UC Berkeley, Fort Stockton, Texas, and the National Archives in Washington, D.C., the exhibit displays some of the documents Eskow used to capture the voice of the black soldiers including a digital version of the original petition letter, which includes a few pages of soldiers’ signatures to show the “X” marks by many names. These marks, meant to stand for “his mark,” indicates that many of the soldiers, who were former slaves, could not sign their names and implies that they could neither read nor write. Other documents on display include an 1868 copy of S.V. Benet’s A Treatise on Military Law and Practice of Courts-Martial, which was repeatedly cited by the white officers at Fort Stockton to support their charge against the black soldiers as well as a detailed timeline of the events at Fort Stockton from the death of John Taylor to the sentencing of the twenty soldiers who signed the petition letter.
The Charlene Conrad Liebau Library Prize for Undergraduate Research is awarded annually to UC Berkeley undergraduates. Any course-based research projects completed at UC Berkeley during the award year are eligible. In addition to a monetary prize for winners – $750 for lower division and $1000 for upper division – award recipients as well as honorable mentions will publish their research in eScholarship, the University of California’s open access publishing platform. Two of the winners are also be featured in an exhibit in the Library.
The exhibit – which was curated by Adam Clemons, Librarian for African and African American Studies, and designed by Aisha Hamilton, Exhibits and Environmental Graphics Coordinator – will be up until November 2019.
The Berkeley Research Impact Initiative (BRII) aims to foster broad public access to the work of Berkeley scholars by encouraging the Berkeley community to take advantage of open access (OA) publishing opportunities. To accomplish this, it provides funding to Berkeley authors to make their publications free to all readers immediately upon publication.
Making scholarly work available open access means that there is barrier-free access to research output and that it is not locked behind a paywall. This means there is potential for wider readership and greater impact. However, as publishers have increasingly been charging authors sometimes substantial amounts for “unlocking” their work and making it OA, many authors need financial assistance. With Berkeley’s commitment to making its scholarly outputs OA, the BRII program is the natural response to this situation.
Berkeley authors who have had an article accepted by an open access journal that charges authors an Article Processing Charge (APC) may apply to BRII for reimbursement. Similarly, authors of scholarly books may apply to BRII to for a book subvention. While many of the authors funded are in life and medical sciences or natural resources, a growing number of Berkeley authors in the social sciences have published open access using BRII funding.
If you have questions about the BRII program or open access, talk to your subject librarian.
Below is a very brief list of a few recent BRII-funded articles in the social sciences, listed by the department affiliation of the Berkeley author. Thanks to the assistance of BRII, these articles are free and openly available for any and all users.
Yurchak, Alexei. 2017. “The Canon and the Mushroom: Lenin, Sacredness, and Soviet Collapse.” HAU: Journal of Ethnographic Theory 7 (2): 165–98. https://doi.org/10.14318/hau7.2.021.
Archaeological Research Facility
Lightfoot, Kent G., and Sara L. Gonzalez. 2018. Metini Village: An Archaeological Study of Sustained Colonialism in Northern California.
Institute of Governmental Studies
Jadhav, Adam, Sharolyn Anderson, Michael J. B. Dyer, and Paul C. Sutton. 2017. “Revisiting Ecosystem Services: Assessment and Valuation as Starting Points for Environmental Politics.” Sustainability 9 (10): 1755. https://doi.org/10.3390/su9101755.
Haas School of Business
Wagner, Zachary, John Bosco Asiimwe, William H. Dow, and David I. Levine. 2019. “The Role of Price and Convenience in Use of Oral Rehydration Salts to Treat Child Diarrhea: A Cluster Randomized Trial in Uganda.” PLOS Medicine 16 (1): e1002734. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1002734.
Bakst, Sarah, and Keith Johnson. 2018. “Modeling the Effect of Palate Shape on the Articulatory-Acoustics Mapping.” The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 144 (1): EL71–75. https://doi.org/10.1121/1.5048043.
Diamond, Allison E., and Aaron J. Fisher. 2017. “Comparative Autonomic Responses to Diagnostic Interviewing between Individuals with GAD, MDD, SAD and Healthy Controls.” Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 10. https://doi.org/10.3389/fnhum.2016.00677.
Marcelle, Enitan T., Laura Nolting, Stephen P. Hinshaw, and Adrian Aguilera. 2019. “Effectiveness of a Multimodal Digital Psychotherapy Platform for Adult Depression: A Naturalistic Feasibility Study.” JMIR MHealth and UHealth 7 (1): e10948. https://doi.org/10.2196/10948.
Zieve, Garret G, Laura P Richardson, Katherine Katzman, Heather Spielvogle, Sandy Whitehouse, and Carolyn A McCarty. 2017. “Adolescents’ Perspectives on Personalized E-Feedback in the Context of Health Risk Behavior Screening for Primary Care: Qualitative Study.” Journal of Medical Internet Research 19 (7): e261. https://doi.org/10.2196/jmir.7474.
School of Information
Maillart, Thomas, Mingyi Zhao, Jens Grossklags, and John Chuang. 2017. “Given Enough Eyeballs, All Bugs Are Shallow? Revisiting Eric Raymond with Bug Bounty Programs.” Journal of Cybersecurity 3 (2): 81–90. https://doi.org/10.1093/cybsec/tyx008.
School of Social Welfare
Aguilera, Adrian, Emma Bruehlman-Senecal, Orianna Demasi, and Patricia Avila. 2017. “Automated Text Messaging as an Adjunct to Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Depression: A Clinical Trial.” Journal of Medical Internet Research 19 (5): e148. https://doi.org/10.2196/jmir.6914.
Boutyline, Andrei. 2017. “Improving the Measurement of Shared Cultural Schemas with Correlational Class Analysis: Theory and Method.” Sociological Science 4 (May): 353–93. https://doi.org/10.15195/v4.a15.
As the movement towards open access to scholarly content gathers momentum, the use of preprints is a central feature. What is a preprint? Before a scholarly research paper has gone through the time consuming peer review process for publication for electronic or print publication in a journal, it is in a form that some scholars refer to as “preprint” (also sometimes called a “working paper,” or simply an unpublished manuscript). Often at this stage the manuscript/paper can be posted and made freely available on a preprint depository or server where scholars can seek an informal kind of peer review from other scholars in their field and also stake a claim to their particular research area.
The Center for Open Science which provides technology and services for preprint management, lists among the goals of preprint depositories:
- Improve accessibility of scholarship
- Facilitate timely feedback on scholarship
- Address delays in research publishing
- Improve scholarly communication
Many disciplines now host printer servers. They were developed in the early 1990s in the high energy physics community with arXiv (the X represents the Greek letter chi, so the word is pronounced “archive”), which was hosted at Los Alamos National Lab and eventually moved to Cornell. Relevant preprint servers in the social sciences include:
- SocArXiv is an open archive for social science research housed at the University of Maryland. Papers are moderated before they appear in SocArXiv to ensure, among other things, that the research is scholarly, relevant to the subject areas supported by SocArXiv, and uses correct attribution. Those posting their papers are encouraged to post accompanying data and code.
- PsyArXiv with a goal of facilitating the rapid dissemination of psychological research, PsyArXiv was created by the Society for the Improvement of Psychological Science (SIPS) and the Center for Open Science.
- AfricArXiv, launched in June 2018, is an interdisciplinary, multilingual resource for scholars based on the African continent or those conducting research in or about Africa.
If you are interested in which depository or server might be a good fit for your own research, either for depositing or for accessing content, feel free to contact the library.
Ann Glusker has recently joined the UC Berkeley Library’s Social Sciences Division as our Sociology, Demography, & Quantitative Research Librarian. Most recently she was the Research & Data Coordinator for the Pacific Northwest regional office of the National Library of Medicine, based at the University of Washington Health Sciences Library in Seattle. She’s also worked as a librarian at The Seattle Public Library, and at the medical library of Kaiser Permanente Washington. In addition, before changing careers to librarianship, she worked as an epidemiologist for the Seattle-King County Public Health department, after studying sociology, demography and public health at the University of Washington and the University of Pennsylvania. She looks forward to working with the Cal community to meet users’ information needs, and is very pleased to be working in a place and a job which incorporates the full range of her interests and experiences.
Join us for another in the book talk series sponsored by the Social Sciences Division.
- Thursday, September 20
- 4pm – 5:30pm
- Social Research Library
- 227 Haviland Hall
In this new book Revolutionary STEM Education: Critical-Reality Pedagogy and Social Justice in STEM for Black Males (Peter Lang, 2018), Jeremiah J. Sims calls for a revolutionary paradigm shift in STEM education for Black boys. Sims chronicles a Saturday program, MAN UP, designed to foster interest in STEM and investigates how to leverage STEM for the remediation of social injustice in middle school Black boys.
Dr. Sims is the Director of Equity at the College of San Mateo. He received his PhD from the UC Berkeley Graduate School of Education in 2016.
** Introductory remarks by Assistant Professor, Travis Bristol, UC Berkeley Graduate School of Education.
Sponsored by the Berkeley Library and the Graduate School of Education
The library attempts to offer programs in accessible, barrier-free settings. If you think you may require disability-related accomodations, please contact email@example.com as soon as possible.
Staff in the Social Sciences Division are involved in a number of organizations within the library, on campus and within the profession at large. Here is a round-up of some of these appointments (beyond the library) to which our colleagues have recently been appointed or elected.
- Adam Clemons (Librarian for African and African American Studies), was elected to a member-at-large seat on the Africana Librarians Council (ALC) Executive Board. Part of the African Studies Association, the ALC is an organization of “librarians, archivists and documentalists working with materials from and about Africa.”
- David Eifler (Environmental Design Librarian) was elected co-chair of the University-Council-American Federation of Teachers (UC-AFT), Local 1474, the union representing librarians and lecturers at the University of California.
- Celia Emmelhainz (Anthropology Librarian) has been appointed to serve as the ACRL/ANSS Liaison to the American Anthropological Association. The Anthropology and Sociology Section of the Association of College and Research Libraries is the professional association for librarians who serve anthropology and sociology departments. The American Anthropological Association (AAA) is one of the largest anthropological associations in the world.
- Brian Light (Chief Operations Manager) was elected to the Governing Council of the Berkeley Staff Assembly. (Read more in a recent blog post.)
- Liladhar Pendse (Librarian for East European and Latin American Studies) was elected as a member-at-large for the Committee on Libraries and Information Resource (CLIR)-Association for Slavic, East European & Eurasian Studies, an organization consisting of scholars and librarians in the fields of Slavic, East European, and Eurasian studies.
- Margaret Phillips (Librarian for Education, Gender & Women’s Studies, and Psychology) was elected to the Executive Board of the University-Council-American Federation of Teachers (UC-AFT), Local 1474.
- Jesse Silva (Librarian for Federal and State Government Information, Political Science, Public Policy and Legal Studies) has been appointed liaison to the Freedom to Read Foundation by the American Library Association (ALA)-Government Documents Round Table (GODORT). GODORT is the main professional organizations for librarians working with government documents. The Freedom to Read Foundation deals with “a wide range of issues affecting our access to freedom of speech and our right to access information.”
Natalia Estrada, Reference & Collections Assistant in the Social Sciences Division, has been selected from a very large number of applicants as an ARL Diversity Scholar. This prestigious award from the Association of Research Libraries (ARL) is part of their Initiative to Recruit a Diverse Workforce which was established in 2000 to attract students from historically underrepresented groups to careers in academic and research libraries. As a Diversity Scholar, Natalia will attend the ARL Leadership Symposium in January, be sent on a visit to another ARL library in 2019, work with an ARL-assigned mentor, and participate in an online community of ARL Scholars. She will also receive a tuition stipend to complete her Masters of Library and Information Studies (MLIS).
Congratulations to Brian Light, Chief Operations Manager for the Social Science Division, who was recently elected to the Governing Council of the Berkeley Staff Assembly. The BSA is an organization of UC Berkeley staff members who work together to create community and professional development opportunities. Says Brian, “I joined to be more involved with the greater Staff community at Berkeley. It is easy for us to get absorbed in our corner of campus (in my case the Library) and not always see how we interact with the rest of campus … this is a great opportunity to make some broader campus connections, learn more about how the campuses operate, and hopefully bring back some good ideas and best practices, as well as connections, to my team here in the Library.”
Brian has worked in the Berkeley Library since 1999, starting as a Library Assistant 2 in the Education/Psychology Library and has been the Chief Operations Manager in the Social Science Division since 2015. His most recent achievement was planning and executing the closure of the Education/Psychology Library, a project that included many people, multiple departments, and a great deal of coordination. He managed this complicated process with a minimum of disruption to access. And always with good humor and an agreeable attitude. The BSA is lucky to have snagged Brian!
Summer brings many visitors from near and far to UC Berkeley, especially the libraries. This week, 24 future Cal students — third graders from Oakland’s Northern Light School, accompanied by Ricardo Huerta Niño (M.C.P. ‘09, PhD City & Regional Planning ‘13) — spent the day on campus visiting the Campanile, the campus’s own T-Rex and Haas Pavilion (Go Bears!).
But the highlight of their day must surely have been their visit to the Environmental Design Library where librarian David Eifler introduced them to his collection of pop-up and artists’ books, gave the young scholars an opportunity to select items from the collection and showed off the library’s sculptural furniture.
The Rare Books and Manuscript Section (RBMS) of the Association of College and Research Libraries is a national organization that advocates and promotes the interests of librarians working with rare books, manuscripts and other special collections. The 2018 RBMS Conference will be held in New Orleans this June.
Liladhar Pendse, Berkeley librarian for East European and Latin American Studies, has been awarded a highly competitive scholarship to attend this year’s RBMS conference.
Excellent choices, RBMS! Congratulations, Liladhar! #rbms18